Issue 20 (2016)

Theory of multicomponent diffusion in fluid systems

Authors: Andrzej Burghardt

Keywords: mechanical theory of multicomponent diffusion, generalized Maxwell-Stefan equation, generalized Fick-Onsager equation, nonequilibrium thermodynamics, statistical mechanics

Abstract: The aim of the study is to present in detail the constitutive equations of multicomponent diffusion de-rived on the basis of the mechanical theory of multicomponent diffusion. Various formulations of the diffu-sion driving force have been compared (generalized Maxwell-Stefan, generalized Fick-Onsager equations). Other theories of the multicomponent diffusion (nonequilibrium thermodynamics, statistical mechanics) have been also discussed.